Imagine yourself standing on a beautiful beach, with the setting sun on the horizon. Behind you, there is a stunning cliff, you are holding a manual camera, and can already tell that the picture will be amazing. You bring your face close to the viewfinder, put your finger on the shutter-release button, take a photo, and you are disappointed with the result.
Why? Because it turned out, the picture is too dark. Disappearing rays of the sun weren’t enough to lighten the photo. But don’t worry! There is a way to take a great picture when there is not enough light. You just need to get to know some practical things you can do with your camera, and how to make it do exactly what you want.
Maybe you noticed the extensive user manual of your camera after the purchase but decided that if you do not want to be a professional, all these complicated functionalities will not be useful to you? In fact, terms like ISO, aperture, and shutter speed can sound enigmatic. However, getting to know the subject is not as difficult as it seems.
Shutter speed is one of the most critical settings in photography. You will see how easy it will be to take pictures in the dark and what fantastic effects you will achieve when you get to know this seemingly complex function.
WHAT IS SHUTTER SPEED?
Shutter speed ( exposure time ) is the time you allow the light to reach the photosensitive matrix. In classic devices (e.g. an ordinary camera, or an enlarger), the negative or positive photosensitive material is exposed. And in digital cameras – a photosensitive optoelectronic element.
WHEN IT’S GETTING DARK
Taking photos when there is no daylight isn’t easy, but thanks to shutter speed and another function called ISO, you can shoot high-quality, and well-lit photos .
ISO is the sensor’s sensitivity to light. The lower the ISO value, the sharper the photo, so the ISO is usually set to 100. ISO helps to brighten the picture, but the downside here is the appearance of the so-called “noise” in the photo as the ISO value increases.
In order to increase the sharpness of the photo, instead of boosting the ISO, you can use a tripod . When you place the camera still, instead of increasing the ISO, you can extend the exposure time of the photo (shutter speed). When you prolong the exposure time, more light will fall on the matrix, and the picture will finally be brighter without increasing ISO.
But you have to be aware of one thing here. Extending the photo exposure time will make sense with landscapes and static scenes, while when shooting dynamic scenes, with movement – not much. Increasing the exposure time will make the character you want to keep moving in the photo blurry.